Agriculture and green economy

Agriculture is very important for many countries. It affects many spheres of life that are directly related to sustainable development. They are economy, employment, labour force flows, poverty, human health, climate change, natural resources (especially land and water) and biodiversity. Though, for few past decades the productivity and yielding capacity are noticed to increase, nowadays the progress in agricultural field is characterized by decreasing of productivity growth (despite subsidizing that is more than $ per day) and decreasing of the agricultural part that comes from developing countries, spreading of agricultural chemicals use that have an negative influence on human’s health, ecological systems and biodiversity; increasing of carbon emissions level, inadequate distribution of benefits among the countries and different social sectors within the countries.
It is already obvious for the world community that the sustainable forms of agricultural production are advantageous alternatives to existing (non-sustainable) agricultural practice. New, more balanced agricultural systems provide new opportunities: competitiveness, profits, provision of services that are important for ecosystems’ vital activity support, creation of sustainable jobs and life hoods, decreasing of ecological footprint, enforced resistance to climate change, better food safety.
Countries of EECCA have special benefits considering possibilities that are offered by balanced and organic agriculture, considering low use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers, significant part of small farms and availability of agricultural labour force. There exists export attractiveness that is neighbouring with European Union (EU) - the largest market for organic food, growing enormous pace.